If you’ve decided to travel abroad, one of the wisest things you can do is immunize. Staying healthy and not picking up a foreign disease is an incredibly important precaution if you don’t want to end up in quarantine.
But there are a huge range of vaccines available nowadays, so how do you know which you actually need?
To make your travel arrangements easier, we’ve outlined the 5 most common vaccines. Always consult with your medical practitioner about possible side effects first.
5 Common Vaccinations You Should Get When Traveling Around the World
Yellow Fever Vaccine
Yellow fever is common in the tropics, mainly in South America and Africa. That’s why it is important to get a yellow fever vaccine before taking a trip to these parts of the world.
One thing you need to know about this vaccine is that it’s only valid 10 days after it is administered. So you should make an early appointment with a travel medicine clinic so that you don’t hamper your travel arrangements due to a delayed yellow fever shot.
Proof of this vaccination may be required to enter certain countries, so make sure you’ve confirmed this if you’re heading to subtropical areas of Africa and South America.
Hepatitis A is a common disease caused by a virus that infects the liver. It spreads through mistakenly ingesting human waste, for instance shaking hands with someone with contaminated hands and then eating food, or via sexual contact.
It is prevalent throughout the world (though more common in developing countries), so all travelers should be protected against it. People get sick two to six weeks after they get the virus, and it could take up to six months to fully recover.
The vaccination is done in two stages, with the first stage being immediately before travel. The second one is administered 6 months later.
Make sure to get both vaccinations. The vaccine is incredibly effective, so you won’t have to ever worry about Hepatitis A again.
Like Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B is a viral disease that affects the liver. It is recommended for long term travellers to hot spots which include Africa, China, Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
This vaccine is offered in 3 doses, but the first dosage is offered immediately before travel. The idea is to protect you from contracting this disease in case you get open wounds on your travels (Hep B is transmitted through blood and other bodily fluids).
On top of getting this vaccination, your medic should advise you on things to do so to protect yourself from contracting Hepatitis B. For instance, having unprotected sex while on foreign travel can increase your chances of contracting Hepatitis B.
Influenza is a respiratory tract infection that is usually common in crowded places, and also has a higher prevalence in certain times of the year, especially during the cold season.
If you intend to travel to a country in its cold season, it would be best to get vaccinated against influenza. It is also prudent to get vaccinated against influenza if you have some underlying conditions that have weakened your immunity.
DO NOT underestimate influenza by brushing it off as the common flu.
A flu epidemic in Australia this year has claimed 288 lives in the worst flu season in many decades.
This is a vaccination meant to protect you from meningitis, a deadly condition that can kill within a few hours.
This vaccine is recommended if you intend to travel to sub-Saharan Africa, an area of the world that is prone to Meningitis outbreaks.
However, even after getting vaccinated, it is always advisable to get a booster shot once you are back home if you happen to travel to the Meningitis belt during an outbreak.
FURTHER READING WE RECOMMEND. CLICK TO LOOK INSIDE ↓
SPREAD THE WORD! PIN THIS TO YOUR TRAVEL PINTEREST BOARDS ↓